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Memo to President Obama: The Jihad That Led to the Crusades

109

Political Islam breaks it down:

crusades25

The Jihad That Lead to the Crusades
Obama’s remarks about the evil of the Crusades, needs to be factually examined in detail. Here is such a list:
0355 After removing a Roman temple from the site (possibly the Temple of Aphrodite built by Hadrian), Constantine I has the Church of the Holy Sepulcher constructed in Jerusalem. Built around the excavated hill of the Crucifixion, legend has it that Constantine’s mother Helena discovered the True Cross here.
0613 – Persians capture Damascus and Antioch.
0614 – Persians sack Jerusalem. damaging the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in the process.
0633 – Muslims conquer Syria and Iraq.
0634 – 0644 – Umar (c. 0591 – 0644) reigns as the second caliph.
0635 – Muslims begin the conquest of Persia and Syria.
0635 – Arab Muslims capture the city of Damascus from the Byzantines.
August 20, 0636 – Battle of Yarmuk (also: Yarmuq, Hieromyax): Following the Muslim capture of Damascus and Edessa, Byzantine Emperor Heraclius organizes a large army which manages to take back control of those cities. However, Byzantine commander, Baänes is soundly defeated by Muslim forces under Khalid ibn Walid in a battle in the valley of the Yarmuk River outside Damascus. This leaves all of Syria open to Arab domination.
0637 – The Arabs occupy the Persian capital of Ctesiphon. By 0651, the entire Persian realm would come under the rule of Islam and continued its westward expansion.
0637 – Syria is conquered by Muslim forces.
0637 – Jerusalem falls to invading Muslim forces.
0638 – Caliph Umar I enters Jerusalem.
0639 – Muslims conquer Egypt and Persia.
0641 – Islam spreads into Egypt. The Catholic Archbishop invites Muslims to help free Egypt from Roman oppressors.
0641 – Under the leadership of Abd-al-Rahman, Muslims conquer southern areas of Azerbaijan, Daghestan, Georgia, and
Armenia.
0641 – Under the leadership of Amr ibn al-As, Muslims conquer the Byzantine city of Alexandria in Egypt. Amr forbids the looting of the city and proclaims freedom of worship for all. According to some accounts, he also has what was left of the Great Library burned the following year. Al-As creates the first Muslim city in Egypt, al-Fustat, and builds there the first mosque in Egypt.
0644 – Muslim leader Umar dies and is succeeded by Caliph Uthman, a member of the Umayyad family that had rejected Muhammad’s prophesies. Rallies arise to support Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, as caliph. Uthman launches invasions to the west into North Africa.
0649 – Muawiya I, a member of the Umayyad family, leads a raid against Cyprus, sacking the capital Salamis-Constantia after a short siege and pillaging the rest of the island.
0652 – Sicily is attacked by Muslims coming out of Tunisia (named Ifriqiya by the Muslims, a name later given to the entire continent of Africa).
0653 – Muawiya I leads a raid against Rhodes, taking the remaining pieces of the Colossus of Rhodes (one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world) and shipping it back to Syria to be sold as scrap metal.
0654 – Muawiya I conquers Cyprus and stations a large garrison there. The island would remain in Muslim hands until 0966.
0655 – Battle of the Masts: In one of the only Muslim naval victories in the entire history of Islam, Muslim forces under the command of Uthman bin Affan defeat Byzantine forces under Emperor Constant II. The battle takes place off the coast of Lycia and is an important stage in the decline of Byzantine power.
0661 – 0680 – Mu’awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty, becomes the caliph and moves the capital from Mecca to Damascus.
0662 – Egypt fell to the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates until 868 CE. A year prior, the Fertile Crescent and Persia yielded to the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates, whose rule lasted until 1258 CE and 820 CE, respectively.
0667 – Sicily is attacked by Muslims coming out of Tunisia.
0668 – First Siege of Constantinople: This attack lasts off and on for seven years, with the Muslim forces generally spending the winters on the island of Cyzicus, a few miles south of Constantinople, and only sailing against the city during the spring and summer months. The Greeks are able to fend off repeated attacks with a weapon desperately feared by the Arabs: Greek Fire. It burned through ships, shields, and flesh and it could not be put out once it started. Muawiyah has to send emissaries to Byzantine Emperor Constans to beg him to let the survivors return home unimpeded, a request that is granted in exchange for a yearly tribute of 3,000 pieces of gold, fifty slaves, and fifty Arab horses.
0669 – The Muslim conquest reaches to Morocco in North Africa. The region would be open to the rule of the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates until 800 CE.
0672 – Muslims under Mauwiya I capture the island of Rhodes.
0674 – Arab conquest reaches the Indus River.
August 23, 0676 – Birth of Charles Martel (Charles the Hammer) in Herstal, Wallonia, Belgium, as the illegitimate son of Pippin II. Serving as Mayor of the Palace of the kingdom of the Franks, Charles would lead a force of Christians that turn back a Muslim raiding party near Poitiers (or Tours) which, according to many historians, would effectively halt the advance of Islam against Christianity in the West.
0677 – Muslims send a large fleet against Constantinople in an effort to finally break the city, but they are defeated so badly through the Byzantine use of Greek Fire that they are forced to pay an indemnity to the Emperor.
0680 – Birth of Leo III the Isaurian, Byzantine Emperor, along the Turkish-Syrian border in the Syrian province of Commagene. Leo’s tactical skills would be responsible for turning back the second Arab Muslim siege of Constantinople in 0717, shortly after he is elected emperor.
0688 – Emperor Justinian II and Caliph al-Malik sign a peace treaty making Cyprus neutral territory. For the next 300 years, Cyprus is ruled jointly by both the Byzantines and the Arabs despite the continuing warfare between them elsewhere.
0691 – Birth of Hisham, 10th caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty. It is under Hisham that Muslim forces would make their deepest incursions into Western Europe before being stopped by Charles Martel at the Battle of Poitiers in 0732.
0698 – Muslims capture Carthage in North Africa.
0700 – Muslims from Pamntelleria raid the island of Sicily.
0711 – With the further conquest of Egypt, Spain and North Africa, Islam included all of the Persian empire and most of the old Roman world under Islamic rule. Muslims began the conquest of Sindh in Afghanistan.
April 0711 – Tariq ibn Malik, a Berber officer, crosses the strait separating Africa and Europe with a group of Muslims and enters Spain (al-Andalus, as the Muslims called it, a word is etymologically linked to “Vandals”). The first stop in the Muslim conquest of Spain is at the foot of a mountain that comes to be called Jabel Tarik, the Mountain of Tarik. Today it is known as Gibraltar. At one time the Berbers had been Christians but they recently converted in large numbers to Islam after the Arab conquest of North Africa.
July 19, 0711 – Battle of Guadalete: Tariq ibn Ziyad kills King Rodrigo (or Roderic), Visigoth ruler of Spain, at the Guadalete River in the south of the Iberian peninsula. Tariq ibn Ziyad had landed at Gibraltar with 7,000 Muslims at the invitation of heirs of the late Visigoth King Witica (Witiza) who wanted to get rid of Rodrigo (this group includes Oppas, the bishop of Toledo and primate of all Spain, who happens to be the brother of the late king Witica). Ziyad, however, refuses to turn control of the region back over to the heirs of Witica. Almost the entire Iberian peninsula would come under Islamic control by 0718 CE.
0712 – Muslim governor of Northern Africa Musa ibn Nusayr follows Tariq ibn Ziyad with an army of 18,000 as reinforcements for the conquest of Andalusia. Musa’s father had been a Catholic Yemenite studying to be a priest in Iraq when he was captured in Iraq by Khalid, the “Sword of Islam,” and forced to choose between conversion or death. This invasion of Iraq had been one of the last military orders given by Muhammed before his death.
0714 – Birth of Pippin III (Pippin the Short) in Jupille (Belgium). Son of Charles Martel and father of Charlemagne, in 0759 Pippin would capture Narbonne, the last Muslim stronghold in France, and thereby drive Islam out of France.
0715 – By this year just about all of Spain is in Muslim hands. The Muslim conquest of Spain only took around three years but the Christian reconquest would require around 460 years (it might have gone faster had the various Christian kingdoms not been at each other’ throats much of the time). Musa’s son, Abd el-Aziz, is left in charge and makes his capital the city of Seville, where he married Egilona, widow of king Rodrigo. Caliph Suleiman, a paranoid ruler, would have el-Aziz assassinated and sends Musa into exile in his native Yemen village to live out his days as a beggar.
0716 – Lisbon is captured by Muslims.
0717 – Cordova (Qurtuba) becomes the capital of Muslim holdings in Andalusia (Spain).
0717 – Leo the Isaurian, born along the Turkish-Syrian border in the Syrian province of Commagene, revolts against the usurper Theodosius III and assumes the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
August 15, 0717 – Second Siege of Constantinople: Taking advantage of the civil unrest in the Byzantine Empire, Caliph Sulieman sends 120,000 Muslims under the command of his brother, Moslemah, to launch the second siege of Constantinople. Another force of around 100,000 Muslims with 1,800 galleys soon arrives from Syria and Egypt to assist. Most of these reinforcements are quickly destroyed with Greek Fire. Eventually the Muslims outside Constantinople begin to starve and, in the winter, they also begin to freeze to death. Even the Bulgarians, usually hostile to the Byzantines, send a force to destroy Muslim reinforcements marching from Adrianopolis.
August 15, 0718 – Muslims abandon their second siege of Constantinople. Their failure here leads to the weakening of the Umayyad government, in part because of the heavy losses. It is estimated that of the 200,000 soldiers who besieged Constantinople, only around 30,000 made it home. Although the Byzantine Empire also sustains heavily casualties and loses most its territory south of the Taurus Mountains, by holding the line here they prevent a disorganized and militarily inferior Europe from having to confront a Muslim invasion along the shortest possible route. Instead, the Arabic invasion of Europe must proceed along the longer path across northern Africa and into Spain, a route which prevents quick reinforcement and ultimately proves ineffective.
0719 – Muslims attack Septimania in southern France (so named because it was the base of operations for Rome’s Seventh Legion) and become established in the region known as Languedoc, made famous several hundred years later as the center of the Cathar heresy.
July 09,0721 – A Muslim army under the command of Al-Semah and that had crossed the Pyrenees is defeated by the Franks near Toulouse. Al-Semah is killed and his remaining forces, which had previously conquered Narbonne, are forced back across the Pyrenees into Spain.
0722 – Battle of Covadonga: Pelayo, (0690-0737) Visigoth noble who had been elected the first King of Asturias (0718- 0737), defeats a Muslim army at Alcama near Covadonga. This is generally regarded as the first real Christian victory over the Muslims in the Reconquista.
0724 – Hisham becomes the 10th caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty. It is under Hisham that Muslim forces make their deepest incursions into Western Europe before being stopped by Charles Martel at the Battle of Poitiers in 0732.
0724 – Under the command of Ambissa, Emir of Andalusia, Muslim forces raid southern France and capture the cities of Carcassone and Nimes. Primary targets in these and other raids are churches and monasteries where the Muslims take away holy objects and enslave or kill all the clerics.
0725 – Muslim forces occupied Nimes, France.
0730 – Muslim forces occupy the French cities of Narbonne and
Avignon.
October 10, 0732 – Battle of Tours: With perhaps 1,500 soldiers, Charles Martel halts a Muslim force of around 40,000 to 60,000 cavalry under Abd el-Rahman Al Ghafiqi from moving farther into Europe. Many regard this battle as being decisive in that it saved Europe from Muslim control. Gibbon wrote: “A victorious line of march had been prolonged above a thousand miles from the rock of Gibraltar to the banks of the Loire; the repetition of an equal space would have carried the Saracens to the confines of Poland and the Highlands of Scotland; the Rhine is not more impassable than the Nile or Euphrates, and the Arabian fleet might have sailed without a naval combat into the mouth of the Thames. Perhaps the interpretation of the Koran would now be taught in the schools of Oxford, and her pulpits might demonstrate to a circumcised people the sanctity and truth of the revelation of Muhammed.” Others, though, argue that the battle’s importance has been exaggerated. The names of Tours, Poitiers, and Charles Martel do not appear in the Arab histories. They list the battle under the name Balat al- Shuhada, the Highway of Martyrs, and is treated as a minor engagement.
0735 – Muslim invaders capture the city of Arles.
0737 – Charles Martel sends his brother, Childebrand, to lay siege to Avignon and drive out the Muslim occupiers. Childebrand is successful and, according to records, has all the Muslims in the city killed.
0739 – Already having retaken Narbonne, Beziers, Montpellier, and Nimes during the previous couple of years, Childebrand captures Marseille, one of the largest French cities still in Muslim hands.
June 08, 0741 – Death of Leo III the Isaurian, Byzantine Emperor. Leo’s tactical skills were responsible for turning back the second Arab Muslim siege of Constantinople in 0717, shortly after he was elected emperor.
October 22, 0741.- Death of Charles Martel (Charles the Hammer) in at Quierzy (today the Aisne county in the Picardy region of France). As Mayor of the Palace of the kingdom of the Franks, Charles had led a force of Christians that turned back a Muslim raiding party near Poitiers (or Tours) which, according to many historians, effectively halted the advance of Islam against Christianity in the West.
April 04, 0742 -Birth of Charlemagne, founder of the Frankish Empire.
0743 -Death of Hisham, 10th caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty. It was under Hisham that Muslim forces made their deepest incursions into Western Europe before being stopped by Charles Martel at the Battle of Poitiers in 0732.
0750- The Arabian Nights, a compilation of stories written under the reign of the Abbasids, became representative of the lifestyle and administration of this Persian influenced government.
0750 – 08500750 – 0850 -The Four Orthodox Schools of Islamic Law were established.
0750 -The Abbasids assume control of the Islamic world (except Spain, which falls under the control of a descendant of the Umayyad family) and moved the capital to Baghdad in Iraq. The Abbasid Caliphate would last until 1258.
September 0755 -Abd al-Rahman of the Umayyad dynasty flees to Spain to escape the Abbasids and would be responsible for creating the “Golden Caliphate” in Spain.
0756 -The Emirate of Cordova is established by Umayyad refugee Abd al-Rahman I in order to revive the defeated Umayyad caliphate which had been destroyed in 0750 by the Abbasids. Cordova would become independent of the Abbasid Empire and represents the first major political division within Islam. The political and geographic isolation of the Cordova Caliphate would make it easier for Christians to decisively conquer it despite their failures elsewhere, although this would not be completed until 1492.
0759 -Arabs lose the city of Narbonne, France, their furthest and last conquest into Frankish territory. In capturing this city Pippin III (Pippin the Short) ends the Muslim incursions in France.
0768 -Pepin’s son, Carolus Magnus (Charlemagne), succeeded his father and became one of the most important European rulers of medieval history.
September 24, 0768 -Death of Pippin III (Pippin the Short) at Saint Denis. Son of Charles Martel and father of Charlemagne, in 0759 Pippin captured Narbonne, the last Muslim stronghold in France, and thereby drove Islam out of France.
0778 -Charlemagne, King of the Franks and soon-to-be Holy Roman Emperor, is invited by a group of Arab leaders in northeastern Spain to attack Abd al-Rahman I, ruler of the Emirate of Cordova. Charlemagne obliges them, but is forced to retreat after only getting as far as Saragossa. It is during his march back through the Pyrenees that his forces are set upon by Basques. Among the many who die is the war leader Roland from Breton, killed in Roncevalles, whose memory has been preserved in the “Chanson de Roland,” an important epic poem during the Middle Ages.
0785 -The Great Mosque in Cordoba, in Muslim controlled Spain, was built.
0787 – Danes invade England for the first time.
0788 -Death of Abd al-Rahman I, founder of the Umayyad Emirate of Cordova. His successor is Hisham I.
0792- Hisham I, emir of Cordova, calls for a Jihad against the infidels in Andalusia and France. Tens of thousands from as far away as Syria heed his call and cross the Pyrennes to subjugate France. Cities like Narbonne are destroyed, but the invasion is ultimately hated at Carcassone.
0796 -Death of Hisham I, emir of Cordova. His successor is his son, al-Hakam, who would keep up the jihad against the Christians but would also be forced to contend with rebellion at home.
0799 -The Basques rise in revolt and kill the local Muslim governor of Pamplona.
0800 -North Africa falls under the rule of the Aghlabi dynasty of Tunis, which would last until 0909 CE.
0800 – 12000800 – 1200 -Jews experience a “golden age” of creativity and toleration in Spain under Moorish (Muslim) rule.
0800 -Ambassadors of Caliph Harunu r-Rashid give keys to the Holy Sepulcher to the Frankish king, thus acknowledging some Frankish control over the interests of Christians in Jerusalem.
0801 -Vikings begin selling slaves to Muslims.
0806 -Hien Tsung becomes the Emperor of China. During his reign a shortage of copper leads to the introduction of paper money.
0813 -Muslims attack the Civi Vecchia near Rome.
April 04,0814 -Death of Charlemagne, founder of the Frankish Empire.
0816 -With the support of Moors, the Basques revolt against the Franks in Glascony.
0822 -Death of Al-Hakam, emir of Cordova. He is succeeded by Abd al-Rahman II.
June 0827 -Sicily is invaded by Muslims who, this time, are looking to take control of the island rather than simply taking away booty. They are initially aided by Euphemius, a Byzantine naval commander who is rebelling against the Emperor. Conquest of the island would require 75 years of hard fighting.
0831 -Muslim invaders capture the Sicilian city of Palermo and make it their capital.
0835 -Birth of Ahmad Ibn Tultun, founder of the Tulunid Dynasty in Egypt. Originally sent there as a deputy by the Abbasid Caliphate, Tultun will establish himself as an independent power in the region, extending his control as far north as Syria. It is under Tultun that the Great Mosque of Cairo is built.
0838 -Muslim raiders sack Marseille.
0841 -Muslim forces capture Bari, principle Byzantine base in southeastern Italy.
0846 -Muslim raiders sail a fleet of ships from Africa up the Tiber river and attack outlying areas around Ostia and Rome. Some manage to enter Rome and damage the churches of St. Peter and St. Paul. Not until Pope Leo IV promises a yearly tribute of 25,000 silver coins do the raiders leave. The Leonine Wall is built in order to fend off further attacks such as this.
0849 -Battle of Ostia: Aghlabid monarch Muhammad sends a fleet of ships from Sardinia to attack Rome. As the fleet prepares to land troops, the combination of a large storm and an alliance of Christian forces were able to destroy the Muslims ships.
0850 -The Acropolis of Zimbabwe was built in Rhodesia.
0850 -Perfectus, a Christian priest in Muslim Cordova, is executed after he refuses to retract numerous insults he made about the Prophet Muhammed. Numerous other priests, monks, and laity would follow as Christians became caught up in a zest for martyrdom.
0851- Abd al-Rahman II has eleven young Christians executed in the city of Cordova after they deliberately seek out martyrdom by insulting the Prophet Muhammed.
0852 -Death of Abd al-Rahman II, emir of Cordova.
0858- Muslim raiders attack Constantinople.
0859 -Muslim invaders capture the Sicilian city of Castrogiovanni (Enna), slaughtering several thousand inhabitants.
0863 -Under Cyril (0826 – 0869) and Methodius (c. 0815 – 0885) the conversion of Moravia begins. The two brothers were sent by the patriarch of Constantinople to Moravia, where the ruler, Rostilav, decreed in 863 that any preaching done had to be in the language of the people. As a result, Cyril and Methodius developed the first usable alphabet for the Slavic tongue – thus, the Cyrillic alphabet.
0866 Emperor Louis II travels from Germany to southern Italy to battle the Muslim raiders causing trouble there.
0868 -The Sattarid dynasty, whose rule would continue until 0930 CE, extended Muslim control throughout most of Persia. In Egypt, the Abbasid and Umayyad caliphates ended and the Egyptian-based Tulunid dynasty took over (lasting until 904 CE).
0869 -Arabs capture the island of Malta.
0870- After a month-long siege, the Sicilian city of Syracuse is captured by Muslim invaders.
0871 -King Alfred the Great of England created a system of government and education which allowed for the unification of smaller Anglo-Saxon states in the ninth and tenth centuries.
0874 -Iceland is colonized by Vikings from Norway.
0876 -Muslims pillage Campagna in Italy.
0879 -The Seljuk Empire unites Mesopotamia and a large portion of Persia.
0880 – Under Emperor Basil, the Byzantines recapture lands occupied by Arabs in Italy.
0884- Death of Ahmad Ibn Tultun, founder of the Tulunid Dynasty in Egypt. Originally sent there as a deputy by the Abbasid Caliphate, Tultun established himself as an independent power in the region, extending his control as far north as Syria. It is under Tultun that the Great Mosque of Cairo is built.
0884 -Muslims invading Italy burn the monastery of Monte Cassino to the ground.
0898 -Birth of Abd al-Rahman III, generally regarded as the greatest of the Umayyad caliphs in Andalusia. Under his rule, Cordova would become one of the most powerful centers of Islamic learning and power.
0900 -The Fatimids of Egypt conquered north Africa and included the territory as an extension of Egypt until 0972 CE.
0900 -Mayans emigrate to the Yucatan Peninsula.
0902 -The Muslim conquest of Sicily is completed when the last Christian stronghold, the city of Taorminia, is captured. Muslim rule of Sicily would last for 264 years.
0905-The Tulunid Dynasty in Egypt is destroyed by an Abbasid army sent to reestablish control over the region of Egypt and Syria.
0909 -Sicily came under the control of the Fatimids’ rule of North Africa and Egypt until 1071 CE. From 0878 until 0909 CE, their rule of Sicily was uncertain.
0909 -The Fatimid Dynasty assumes control of Egypt. Claiming descent from Fatima, daughter of the Prophet Muhammed, and Ali bin Abi Talib, the Fatimids would rule Egypt until being overthrown by the Auyybids and Saladin in 1171.
0911 -Muslims control all the passes in the Alps between France and Italy, cutting off passage between the two countries.
0912- Abd al-Rahman III becomes the Umayyad Caliph in Andalusia.
0916 -A combined force of Greek and German emperors and Italian city-states defeat Muslim invaders at Garigliano, putting Muslim raids in Italy to an end.
0920 -Muslim forces cross the Pyrenees, enter Gascony, and reach as far as the gates of Toulouse.
0929 -Abd al-Rahman III transforms the Emirate of Cordova into and independent caliphate no longer under even theoretical control from Baghdad.
0935 – 0969 -The rule of Egypt was under the Ikhidid dynasty.
0936 -The Althing, the oldest body of representative government in Europe, is established in Iceland by the Vikings.
0939 -Madrid is recaptured from Muslim forces.
0940 -Hugh, count of Provence, gives his protection to Moors in St. Tropez if they agree to keep the Alpine passes closed to his rival, Berenger.
c. 0950 Catholicism becomes prevalent and dominant religion throughout Europe.
0950 According to traditional historiography, Europe enters Dark Ages.
0953- Emperor Otto I sends representatives to Cordova to ask Caliph Abd al-Rahman III to call off some Muslim raiders who had set themselves up in Alpine passes and are attacking merchant caravans going in and out of Italy.
0961 -Death of Abd al-Rahman III, generally regarded as the greatest of the Umayyad caliphs in Andalusia. Under his rule, Cordova became one of the most powerful centers of Islamic learning and power. He is succeeded by Abdallah, a caliph who would kill many of his rivals (even family members) and has captured Christians decapitated if they refuse to convert to Christianity.
0961- Under the command of general Nicephorus Phokas, the Byzantines recapture Crete from Muslim rebels who had earlier fled Cordova.
0965 -Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus Phokas reconquers Cyprus from the Muslims.
0965 -Grenoble is recaptured from the Muslims.
0969 -The Fatimid dynasty (Shi’ite) takes Egypt from the Ikshidids and assumes the title of caliphate in Egypt until 1171 CE.
0969 -Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus II Phocas reconquers Antioch (modern Antakya, capital of the province Hatay) from the Arabs.
0972 -The Fatimids of Egypt conquer north Africa.
0972 -The Muslims in the Sisteron district of France surrender to Christian forces and their leader asks to be baptized.
0981- Eric the Red is exiled from Iceland and settles in a new land he called Greenland in order to attract settlers.
0981 -Ramiro III, king of Leon, is defeated by Al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir (Almanzor) at Rueda and is forced to begin paying tribute to the Caliph of Cordova.
0985 -Al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir sacks Barcelona
0994 -The monastery of Monte Cassino is destroyed a second time by Arabs.
0995 -Japanese literary and artistic golden age begins under Emperor Fujiwara Michinaga (ruled 0995 – 1028).
July 03,0997 -Under the leadership of Almanzor, Muslim forces march out of the city of Cordova and head north to capture Christian lands.
August 11, 0997 -Muslim forces under Almanzor arrive at the city of Compostela. The city had been evacuated and Almanzor burns it to the ground.
0998 -Venice conquers the Adriatic port of Zara. The Venetians would eventually lose the city to the Hungarians and, in 1202, they offer a deal to soldiers of the Fourth Crusade: capture the city again for them in exchange for passage to Egypt.
c. 1000-Chinese perfect the production and use of gunpowder.
1000 -The Seljuk (Saljuq) Turkish Empire is founded by an Oghuz Turkish bey (chieftain) named Seljuk. Originally from the steppe country around the Caspian Sea, the Seljuks are the ancestors of the Western Turks, present- day inhabitants of Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan.
August 08, 1002 -Death of Al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir, ruler of Al-Andalus, on the way back from raiding the Rioja region.
1004 -Arab raiders sack the Italian city of Pisa.
1007 -Birth of Isaac I Comnenus, Byzantine emperor. Founder of the dynasty of the Comneni, Isaac’s government reforms may have helped the Byzantine Empire last longer.
1009 -The Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem is destroyed by Muslim armies.
1009 -Caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, founder of the Druze sect and sixth Fatimid Caliph in Egypt, orders the Holy Sepulcher and all Christian buildings in Jerusalem be destroyed. In Europe a rumor develops that a “Prince of Babylon” had ordered the destruction of the Holy Sepulcher at the instigation of the Jews. Attacks on Jewish communities in cities like Rouen, Orelans, and Mainz ensue and this rumor helps lay the basis for massacres of Jewish communities by Crusaders marching to the Holy Land.
1009 -Sulaimann, grandson of Abd al-Rahman III, returns over 200 captured fortresses to the Castilians in return for massive shipments of food for his army.
1012 -Caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, founder of the Druze sect and sixth Fatimid Caliph in Egypt, orders the destruction of all Christian and Jewish houses of worship in his lands.
1012 -Berber forces capture Cordova and order that half the population be executed.
1013 -Jews are expelled from the Umayyad Caliphate of Cordova, then ruled by Sulaimann.
1015 -Arab Muslim forces conquer Sardinia.
1016 -The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is partially destroyed by earthquakes.
1020 -Merchants from Amalfi and Salerno are granted permission by the Egyptian Caliph to build a hospice in Jerusalem. Out of this would eventually grow The Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem (also known as: Knights of Malta, Knights of Rhodes, and most commonly as Knights Hospitaller).
1021 -Caliph al-Hakim proclaimed himself to be divine and founded the Druze sect.
1022 -Several Cathar heretics are discovered in Toulouse and put to death.
1023 -Muslims expel the Berber rulers from Cordova and install Abd er-Rahman V as caliph.
1025 -The power of the Byzantine Empire begins to decline.
1026 -Richard II of Normandy leads a group of several hundred armed men on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in the belief that the Day of Judgment had arrived. Turkish control of the region hampers their goals, however.
1027 -The Frankish protectorate over Christian interests in Jerusalem is replaced by a Byzantine protectorate. Byzantine leaders begin the reconstruction of the Holy Sepulcher.
1029- Alp Arslan, “The Lion Hero,” is born. Arslan is the son of Togrul Beg, conqueror of Baghdad who made himself ruler of the Caliphate, and great-grandson of Seljuk, founder of the Seljuk Turkish empire.
1031 -The Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba falls.
1031 -The emir of Aleppo has the Krak des Chevaliers contructed.
1033 -Castile is retaken from the Arabs.
1035 -The Byzantines make a landing in Sicily, but don’t try to recapture the island from the Muslims.
1038 -The Seljuk Turks become established in Persia.
1042- The rise of the Seljuk Turks begins.
1045 – 1099 -1099 Life of Ruy Diaz de Vivar, known as El Cid (Arabic for “lord”), national hero of Spain. El Cid would become famous for his efforts to drive the Moors out of Spain. May 18, 1048 – Persian poet Umar Khayyam is born. His poem The Rubaiyat became popular in the West because of its use by Victorian Edward Fitzgerald.
1050 – 1200 -The first agricultural revolution of Medieval Europe begins in 1050 CE with a shift to the northern lands for cultivation, a period of improved climate from 700 CE to 1200 CE in western Europe, and the widespread use and perfection of new farming devices. Technological innovations include the use of the heavy plow, the three-field system of crop rotation, the use of mills for processing cloth, brewing beer, crushing pulp for paper manufacture, and the widespread use of iron and horses. With an increase in agricultural advancements, Western towns and trade grow exponentially and Western Europe returns to a money economy.
1050 -Duke Bohemond I (Bohemond Of Taranto, French Bohémond De Tarente), prince of Otranto (1089–1111) is born. One of the leaders of the First Crusade, Bohemond would be largely responsible for the capture of Antioch and he secures the title Prince of Antioch (1098 – 1101, 1103 – 04).
1050 -Byzantine emperor Constantine IX Monomachos restores the complex of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.
1054 -A famine in Egypt forces al Mustansir, 8th Fatimid caliph, to seek food and other commercial assistance from Italy and the Byzantine Empire.
July 16,-1054 Great Schism: The Western Christian Church, in an effort to further enhance its power, had tried to impose Latin rites on Greek churches in southern Italy in 1052; as a consequence, Latin churches in Constantinople were closed. In the end, this leads to the excommunication of Michael Cerularius, patriarch of Constantinople (who in turn excommunicates Pope Leo IX). Although generally regarded as a minor event at the time, today it is treated as the final event that sealed the Great Schism between Eastern and Western Christianity.
1055 -Seljuk Turks capture Baghdad.
1056 -The Almoravid (al-Murabitun) Dynasty begins its rise to power. Taking the name “those who line up in defense of the faith,” this is a group of fanatical Berber Muslims who would rule North Africa and Spain until 1147.
1061 -Roger Guiscard lands at Sicily with a large Norman force and captures the city of Masara. The Norman reconquest of Sicily would require another 30 years.
1063 -Alp Arslan succeeds his father, Togrul Beg, as ruler of the Baghdad Caliphate and the Seljuk Turks.
1064 -The Seljuk Turks conquer Christian Armenia.
September 29, 1066 -William the Conqueror invades England and claims the English throne at the Battle of Hastings. Because William is both the King of England and the Duke of Normandy, The Norman Conquest fuses French and English cultures. The language of England evolves into Middle English with an English syntax and grammar and a heavily French vocabulary.
1067 -Romanus IV Diogenes becomes the Byzantine Emperor.
1068 -Alp Arslan invades the Byzantine Empire and is repulsed by Romanus IV Diogenes over the course of three campaigns. Not until 1070, though, would the Turks be driven back across the Euphrates river.
1070 -Seljuk Turks capture Jerusalem from the Fatimids. Seljuk rule is not quite as tolerant as that of the Fatimids and Christian pilgrims begin returning to Europe with tales of persecution and oppression.
1070 -Brother Gerard, a leader of the Benedictine monks and nuns who run the hospices in Jerusalem. beings to organize The Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem (also known as: Knights of Malta, Knights of Rhodes, and most commonly as Knights Hospitaller) as a more military force for the active protection of Christian pilgrims.
1071 -Normans conquer the last Byzantine holdings in Italy.
1071 – 1085 -Seljuk Turks conquer most of Syria and Palestine.
August 19, 1071 –
Battle of Manzikert: Alp Arslan leads an army of Seljuk Turks against the Byzantine Empire near Lake Van. Numbering perhaps as many as 100,000 men, the Turks take the fortresses of Akhlat and Manzikert before Byzantine Emperor Romanus IV Diogenes can respond. Although Diogenes is able to recapture Akhlat, the siege of Manzikert fails when a Turkish relief force arrives and Andronicus Ducas, an enemy of Romanus Diogenes, refuses to obey orders to fight. Diogenes himself is captured and released, but he would be murdered after his return to Constantinople. Partly because of the defeat at Manzikert and partly due to the civil wars following the murder of Digoenes, Asia Minor would be left open to Turkish invasion. One third of Christian Lands and 51% of Christian Churches fall to Islam.
1072 -Tancred of Hauteville is born. A grandson of Robert Guiscard and nephew of Bohemund of Taranto, Tancred would become a leader of the First Crusade and eventually regent of the Principality of Antioch.
December 15, 1072 -Malik Shah I, son of Alp Arslan, succeeds his father as Seljuk Sultan.
1073 -Seljuk Turks conquer Ankara.
July 1074 -El Cid marries Jimena, niece of Alfonso IV of Castile and daughter of the Count of Oviedo.
1076 -First recorded execution in England by the ax: the Earl of Huntingdon.
1078 -Seljuk Turks capture Nicaea. It would change hands three more times, finally coming under control of the Turks again in 1086.
1079 -Battle of Cabra: El Cid led his troops to a rout of Emir Abd Allah of Granada.
1080 -Order of the Hospital of St. John is founded in Italy. This special order of knights was dedicated to guarding a pilgrim hospital, or hostel, in Jerusalem.
1080 -An Armenian state is founded in Cilicia, a district on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor (Turkey), north of Cyprus, by refugees feeling the Seljuk invasion of their Armenian homeland. A Christian kingdom located in the midst of hostile Muslim states and lacking good relations with the Byzantine Empire, “Armenia Minor” would provide important assistance to Crusaders from Europe.
1081 – 1118 -Alexius I Comnenus is Byzantine emperor.
1081 -El Cid, now a mercenary because he had been exiled by Alfonso IV of Castile, enters the service of the Moorish king of the northeast Spanish city of Zaragosa, al- Mu’tamin, and would remain there for his successor, al- Mu’tamin II.
1082 -Ibn Tumart, founder of the Amohad Dynasty, is born in the Atlas mountains.
1084 -Seljuk Turks conquer Antioch, a strategically important city.
October 25, 1085 -The Moors are expelled from Toledo, Spain, by Alfonso VI.
October 23, 1086 -Battle of Zallaca (Sagrajas): Spanish forces under Alfonso VI of Castile are defeated by the Moors and their allies, the Almorivids (Berbers from Morocco and Algeria, led by Yusef I ibn Tashufin), thus preserving Muslim rule in al-Andalus. The slaughter of Spaniards was great and Yusef refused to abide by his agreement to leave Andalusia in the hands of the Moors. His intention was actually to make Andalusia an African colony ruled by the Almorivids in Morocco.
1087 -After his crushing defeat at Zallaqa, Alfonso VI swallows his pride and recalls El Cid from exile.
September 13, 1087- Birth of John II Comnenus, Byzantine emperor.
1088 -Patzinak Turks begin forming settlements between the anube and the Balkans.
March 12, 1088 -Urban II is elected pope. An active supporter of the Gregorian reforms, Urban would become responsible for launching the First Crusade.
1089 -Byzantine forces conquer the island of Crete.
1090 -Yusuf Ibn Tashfin, King of the Almoravids, captures Granada.
1091 -The Normans recapture Sicily from the Muslims.
1091 – Cordova (Qurtuba) is captured by the Almoravids.
1092 -After the death of Seljuk Sultan (al-sultan , “the power”) Malik Shah I, the capital of the Seljuks is moved from Iconjium to Smyrna and the empire itself dissolves into several smaller states.
May 1094-El Cid captures Valencia from the Moors, carving out his own kingdom along the Mediterranean that is only nominally subservient to Alfonso VI of Castile. Valencia would be both Christian and Muslim, with adherents of both religions serving in his army.
August 1094 -The Almoravids from Morocco land near Cuarte and lay siege to Valencia with 50,000 men. El Cid, however, breaks the siege and forces the Amoravids to flee – the first Christian victory against the hard-fighting Africans.
November 18, 1095 -Pope Urban II opens the Council of Clermont where ambassadors from the Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus, asking help against the Muslims, were warmly received.
Political foundations laid for the first “organized” Christian response to Jihad: the First Crusade.
These facts are taken from multiple open sources. If there is an error, let me know.

Pamela Geller's shocking new book, "FATWA: HUNTED IN AMERICA" is now available on Amazon. It's Geller's tell all, her story - and it's every story - it's what happens when you stand for freedom today. Buy it. Now. Here.

  • Billy M

    I believe headline should read “that led to …”

  • Alex Live

    Where are American crusades? Smash them now! That time people were courages not like now.

  • Richard Aroza

    Obama is a freaking weak and bastard president.
    Its time for a final Crusade to end islam.

    • Adrian Rainbow

      It’s time to end religion, but yes, Islam is more urgent.

      • Richard Aroza

        Hey Adrian , end of religion is end of morality. Holy Religion of One True GOD must prevail and end the barbarous cult of islam.

        • peterliberal

          Morality is in the human spirit, morality has evolved through the centuries from human to human respect for each other and the value of all life being equal, we don’t need a sky fairy or a make believe thing watching us to ensure we have morality

          • Epic Michael

            Evolution is make believe and we don’t need a sky fairy only the one true living God

          • peterliberal

            omg

      • DVult

        It’s time to end the false religion of pislam – there fixed it for you.

    • ItsJo

      Love this Judge Jeanine…she tells it Like it IS!!!

  • e1313ruth

    PLEASE SEND THIS TO THE WHITE HOUSE AND TELL OBAMA TO GO BACK TO HELL FROM WHENCE HE SPRUNG..

    • sodacrackers2

      He has no interest in history. His warped world view will not allow for history. The amazing thing is that so many buy into the lies.

    • Dick Peabody

      I say the American people send him back to hell. No asking, just commanding.

    • ItsJo

      I’d like the list to be sent to the “Holly-woodheads, AND the Lapdog Liberal Media, that has BEEN in the tank for this Muslim in our Whitehouse.”
      I hope Pamela sends it to Them.

  • e1313ruth

    THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU……….I HOPE THIS INFO GOES WORLD WIDE…

    • Galatians4&5(KJV)1611

      PRAISE THE LORD!

  • Noys Fine Art

    0961 -Death of Abd al-Rahman III, He is succeeded by Abdallah, a caliph who would kill many of his rivals (even family members) and has captured Christians decapitated if they refuse to convert to Christianity. (To Christianity??? Maybe it was if they refuse to convert to Islam???)

  • Dr.SaKib

    Why you all hate obama soo much????? I am not from usa. I think obama is a christian

    • Keith

      He claims to be a Christian, but uses the Crusades to to justify the current violence by muslims against the rest of the world. A true reading of history by him would show how it was muslim aggression against Christians that led directly to the Crusades. It is a very muslim thing to hold grudges, even when they are only perceived as in the case of the Crusades and liberation of Spain, for hundreds of years. Further he is unable to even name Islamic terrorism for what it is he always uses words to work around it and always claims that Islam is a peaceful religion that is being hijacked after every muslim terrorist attack. He couldn’t be bothered to attend the peace march after the Charlie Hebdo massacre in Paris but could go and pay his respects to the leader of an Islamic nation that is doing a lot to create the problems in the world with its financing of mosques around the world. That is why a lot of people are not happy with Obama. Is it too much to expect leaders of the Western world to get their facts right before spouting off about things.

      • The Hammer

        But, of course, Obama did assert himself with regard to Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown, and Eric Garner. Obama’s actions and words reveal who he actually is. Let’s just say, uh, he doesn’t have our interests as a concern. Quite the opposite in fact.

        • Joyce Elders

          The journalist who was beheaded got an honorable mention then it was right back to the golf course.

      • peterliberal

        Obama is a muslim

    • Martel

      Obama is a pretender. He does not care about all Americans, only some of them. The founders of the nation, their religion, culture, traditions, and progeny he hates. He favors Islam because it is largely a religion of the dark races.

      • Visigoth

        He also seeks to replace the progeny of the founders with his massive immigration schemes. No immigrants from Europe. Only huge numbers from the Third World and Islamic nations. He learned well from his spiritual advisor, Rev. Wright.

        • honeybee

          Bringing measles, leprosy, polio andTB with them.

      • Jerry

        “Whatever we once were, we are no longer a Christian nation…” – Barack Obama
        “The future must not belong to those who slander the prophet of Islam.” – Barack Obama

        • Dillenger

          Obama doesn’t see Islam as an enemy of Christianity. He sees the exact opposite! Bareback Hussein isn’t hard to figure out. Just look at who he surrounds himself with and who he takes advice from then add that to his deeds. The portrait comes into view….

          • Betty4440

            talking of portraits pray the don’t do a portrait of him and hang it the white house. not unless it hangs over the commodes to keep the fly away.

      • Dr.SaKib

        Who will become next president of usa??

        • LightCrusader

          someone who will wipe islam out of the USA

          • sandra schmidt

            Off the face of the Earth, better yet.

          • peterliberal

            Unfortunately whoever and what ever side gets voted in they will pander to and worship Islam for the sake of believing in social cohesion and political correctness, All politicians are now servants and slaves to Islam pretty much across the Western World

        • peterliberal

          Jihad Joe?

      • Dr.SaKib

        Rightly said..

      • peterliberal

        Martel, Obama was raised as a Muslim his father and that side of the family tree are all muslim, he went to a muslim school in Indonesia (a muslim country) and actually studied the qu’ran, he is a muslim

    • Betty4440

      hahahhahahhahahahhahhahahahaahhahahahaha the laugh of the day. obama is muslim.

    • LightCrusader

      Then you must be a muslim

      • Dr.SaKib

        —”I was.””. But now atheist. Now i am ultra secular.

    • Rocinante44

      is this a joke? have you ever seen this man in a Christian church (other than his “god damn America” so-called church in Chicago), ever seen him utter a public prayer to the god of Israel, ever seen him criticize a muslim, ever state his faith in Christ, ever noticed how all his policies defy bibilical teachings, ever noticed how he loathes the state of Israel, ever noticed how he loves Palestinians who murder jews, ever tell the truth about one single thing, ever noticed how flies love him and love to land on his face as if he were beezelbub, ever noticed how he hates Christians?

    • sodacrackers2

      Nobody said they hated Obama. His words do not match his actions. It is extremely difficult to believe someone caught in so many lies.

    • honeybee

      Keep on thinking !

  • John John Ambrose

    Well Done Pamela. People Can Now See The Factual Account Leading Up To The Crusades. The Truth Must Be Known By Viewers And Others The Real Truth , Which Is Historical Fact. Not The Fabrication And False Account Which Obama Sprouted At The Religeous Breakfast, Recently.This President Should Not Be Trusted Any Longer With Peoples Lives, He Has Openly Defended Isis. And Therefore Must Be Held Guilty Of Their Terrible Crime Against Humanity. God Bless I Pray For America And The World Against This Terrible Islamic Scourge. God Bless. John Ambrose Carmelite Hermit.

  • vonrock

    Since Barack slid in, Americans are stockpiling automatic weapons and ammo.
    Remembering in the second amendment the comma between
    ‘The security of the state and the Right of the People

  • harbidoll

    Crusaders & Templers were righteous in the beginning. Later success & wealth, (Loot & rape) ruined them. & they were put down.

  • Guest

    Remembering “what did the Romans ever do for us” from Life of Brian.”

    Speaking as an atheist thank god for the Crusades. Christianity may be bad but it’s a while hell of a lot better than Islam.

    Your average self-hating leftist today would rather kiss Allah’s ass than that of Jesus.

    Christianity always was better than Islam, and Christianity had a Reformation and Enlightenment. Islam has had neither! Maybe it’s starting to have the beginnings of one now. But when Saudi style Islam comes to down the women go into their bags much more and Islam becomes less diverse.

    It almost goes without saying that the left everywhere are clueless on all these points, with the rare exception of people like Salmam Rushdie, Sam Harris, Ayaan Hirsi Ali and do on. 9/11 liberals with a small l. But most liberals give liberalism a bad name on this issue.

    • sodacrackers2

      They are not liberals. They have sullied the word liberal.

  • Remembering “what did the Romans ever do for us” from Life of Brian.

    Speaking as an atheist thank god for the Crusades. Christianity may be bad but it’s a hell of a lot better than Islam.

    Your average self-hating leftist today would rather kiss Allah’s ass than that of Jesus.

    Christianity always was better than Islam, and Christianity had a Reformation and Enlightenment. Islam has had neither! Maybe it’s starting to have the beginnings of a Reformation now. But when Saudi style Islam comes to down the women go into their bags much more and Islam becomes less diverse. And also Islam is not a religion which lends itself to critical inquiry. Very few books get translated into Arabic for example.

    It almost goes without saying that the left everywhere are clueless on all these points, with the rare exception of people like Salmam Rushdie, Sam Harris, Ayaan Hirsi Ali and so on. 9/11 liberals with a small l. But most liberals give liberalism a bad name on this issue.

  • Remembering “what did the Romans ever do for us” from Life of Brian.

    Speaking as an atheist thank god for the Crusades. Christianity may be bad but it’s a hell of a lot better than Islam.

    Your average self-hating leftist today would rather kiss Allah’s ass than that of Jesus.

    Christianity always was better than Islam, and Christianity had a Reformation and Enlightenment. Islam has had neither! Maybe it’s starting to have the beginnings of a Reformation now. But when Saudi style Islam comes to town the women go into their bags much more and Islam becomes less diverse. And also Islam is not a religion which lends itself to critical inquiry. Very few books get translated into Arabic for example.

    It almost goes without saying that the left everywhere are clueless on all these points, with the rare exception of people like Salmam Rushdie, Sam Harris, Ayaan Hirsi Ali and so on. 9/11 liberals with a small l. But most liberals give liberalism a bad name on this issue.

    • Betty4440

      enough already Jonathan. 3 strikes and you are out.

  • Drew the Infidel

    It is part and parcel of Obhammud’s bent to defend Islamic terrorism when he cites distorted historical aspects from 1,000 years ago concerning a religious uprising instead of condemning the obscene criminality of the ragheads from day before yesterday.

    • sodacrackers2

      Or the obscene criminality in DC.

  • LimeyAL

    Brilliant post, how liberals must hate the truth that the history of Islam is one of unending hatred and violence against others throughout the world whether they be Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, hundreds of millions slaughtered in the name of the Slave trader and his Moon God. It poses the question ” Why have the Democrats thrown their lot in with the Monster” ?

    • peterliberal

      Because they are all piss weak and only seek self promotion and gold

    • Roy C

      Not one who has been paying attention for the last 6 years should have been surprised by our Muslim president’s comments at the prayer breakfast. He no longer bothers to hide his loathing of Christianity and Judaism and his describing the crusades from the Islamic point of view is just what one would expect from a Muslim. How does no one see this? His aides threaten Israel with retaliation if Bibi speaks here next month. Think about this – This petty, vindictive, shallow little man would further endanger millions of Jews over his
      petulant response to a perceived slight. I’ve encountered more mature and thoughtful 8 year olds.

      • ItsJo

        Good post Roy. Obama is ‘slighted that Netanyahu was invited to come before Congress?’ How Hypocritical of this Fraud, Obama as he has BEEN secretly BEEN inviting HIS Muslim Brotherhood Terrorists to Our Whitehouse-Even last week, but it got out, and then they finally released a few names of “moderate muslims”…..IS there Any such Muslim? No, as they have been causing problems ALL OVER THE WORLD SINCE THE BEGINNING OF TIME AS THIS ARTICLE SHOWS.
        Obama IS Muslim, and he has given MORE time to Iran to “Complete their nuclear weapons, most likely listening to the Iranian born, co potus, Valerie Jarret. This evil, spiteful man, who “Actually Hates “Arrogant(his words) America”, as I guess now, we are on Our High Horse…cannot even pretend anymore that he is a Christian-HE IS NOT
        nor, does he care about American Citizens. They need to REMOVE this evil from office, before he “Totally destroys this Republic, that IS what he’s been doing DELIBERATELY.”

      • If obola was a president and not a lying incompetent, he would be the one making the speech that Netanyahu is forced to make for him.

        Netanyahu will clearly outline the dangers of a nuclear Iran for the world. This should have been done by obola, but he is going to allow Iran to go nuclear instead.

        The only question at this point is whether or not the lamestream media will televise or even report on the speech or will they ignore it completely. I would not be surprised if they refuse to print the full text of Netanyahu’s speech.

        Of course, I also would not be surprised if our Jew hating state department revokes Netanyahu’s visa and refuses him entry.

  • Lia

    Remember Mr Reagan meeting with the Taliban? He likened them to America’s ‘founding fathers’. Perhaps USA presidential hopefuls should be required to have a degree in history?

  • VoiceInDesert

    Thank you, Pamela. We need to know the facts!

    • 1Peter 3:11!

      Peter 3:12 FOR THE EYES of THE LORD are OVER the RIGHTEOUS .and HIS EARS are OPEN UNTO THEIR PRAYERS :BUT THE FACE OF the LORD IS AGAINST “THEM” THAT DO EVIL!.

  • HISTORY LESSON WASTED

    Does anyone think that the President who, not once but TWICE, made the shrouding of Christian symbols at Georgetown University a necessary condition for speaking there is going to care about the historical truth of the Crusades? HELL NO! The Moslem perception of the Crusades (adopted by the Left) as Christianity’s ORIGINAL SIN against Islam-history’s first great infamous act of unjustified ISLAMOPHOBIA by the Christian West-is one of the reasons for Obama’s actions at Georgetown, declaration of America as no longer Christian and anti-Crusade remarks at the Prayer Breakfast. Moreover, it could very well be that Obama considers the oppression of Christians across the Moslem world as karmic retribution for the Crusades. As Christians are the most targeted minority for persecution in the Middle East Obama has voiced little support for them. And though at the Prayer Breakfast he mentioned Christians persecuted in Nigeria when it came to ISIS Yazidis not Christians were mentioned.

    http://www.apollospeaks.com

    • peterliberal

      Obama is a muslim he hates as do all muslims any other religion

      • Either that or he’s a typical pro-Islamic secular leftist with an annihilating hatred for the Judeo-Christian Tradition.

        • peterliberal

          No he’s a muslim

          • I can’t blame anyone for suspecting that Obama is a cypto-Moslem. It is clear that he wants Moslems to believe he’s one of them. But his secular progressivism and anything goes morality makes him unconvincing and underlies his unpopularity in the Moslem world. For what traditional, mainstream, normative Moslem is pro- gay rights, pro-gay marriage, pro-abortion, pro-pot and champions women’s rights? If Obama is Moslem he has reformed himself into being a mere caricature of one. In fact, with his radical left-wing politics and hedonistic-counterculture values Obama wouldn’t last a day if he lived in the Moslem world. Most religion-of-peace Moslems would consider him a phony, corrupt believer-the enemy within-and would want him dead.

  • there is an error somewhere in your genetic code, just a glitch ;-)

  • kononwa

    Great timeline with heaps of verifiable facts. Unfortunately obummer couldn’t care less when he thinks he’s spouting to the dumbed-down general populace, and we’re just preaching to the choir, unfortunately. Any o’l lie’ll do!

    My mind boggles when I think that this traitor is still standing on two crooked legs . . . wake up America!

  • tpellow

    “HISTORIAN:

    ‘I DON’T THINK THE PRESIDENT KNOWS VERY MUCH ABOUT

    THE CRUSADES’”

    (inc video clip).

    http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2015/02/08/historian-i-dont-think-the-president-knows-very-much-about-the-crusades/

  • Betty4440

    gee Pam thanks for the History lesson. going to copy it and let my grand daughter read it. she is 12 years old. just might help her in school.

  • Zenkick

    Excellent chronicle. It is not taught any more in history that Jerusalem was a Christian majority city by the time it was first in invaded, I believe by Salladin. Also Obama forgets that Christ’s message was one of non violence, Mohammed prescribed violence and conversion or death. That is why in the Christian world we try to live in peace, women and men are equals, marriage is between two people not many, slavery is not permitted and democracy is status quo. Just look at any islamic state!!!

  • tpellow

    “Watch Obama’s Speech Slandering Christians…

    Again… Just As A Typical Muslim Would”

    http://shoebat.com/2015/02/05/watch-obamas-speech-slandering-christians-just-typical-muslim/

  • tpellow

    Thanks to Bill Warner of ‘Political Islam’ site, for the history.

    http://www.politicalislam.com/

  • Betty4440

    well Pam guess you need to do a history class on Christianity. to go with the muslim slaughter. PLEASE.

  • Jean Robertson

    Maybe the ignorant comment by the White House resident will cause people to take a good look at history. I found that you tube Dr.Bil Warner, 1400 years, secret..fear… was very good. Amazing how academics managed to reduce Christianity to “oh, but look at the Crusades” in the last 60 plus years. The first time I heard that from a Catholic University graduate was 1967 or so….. the ignorance at the universities is staggering. But then the ignorance and criminality of trashing natural law, and trashing Judeo/Christian Western Civilization is beyond the pale. That is what we are living through at this time, a trashed West… another point…. look up why Kush, as in Hindu Kush, means slaughter.

  • crusader

    #I-Am-A-Crusader

  • Veracious_one

    all because peace is un-Islamic,,,,

  • Commieobamie

    If only the MORON libTURDS had studied History instead of White privilege they would have already known that islam IS EVIL!

  • Plamen

    More precisely, Turks (Seljuks) had turned out to be more horrible than Fatimids, Byzantines had not been able to reconquer their lands from Seljuks the way they did from Fatimids, and Jerusalem had been closed for European pilgrims by the Seljuks – those had been the three main reasons why Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus to send his letter to pope Urban II in Rome asking for help.
    And the Pope spoke at the 1095 Council of Clermont calling for the First Crusade.

  • Paramas Varan Kandiah

    Thank youi for such a lucid briefing on the rise and fall of the religion which we now learn comprised of different dynasties at different times at different places. I doubt the President Obama is going to be bothered to read this because he has higher interests to attend to on behalf of his Masters in the Corporate High places. It would be nice if a historical brief is also available on the spread of the religion towards the East to Afghanistan, India, Indonesia and possibly the central Asia. Thank You with all my heart for the wonderful one woman battle that you are carrying out. God Bless You.

  • GLADSTONE

    Do you mind providing these sources? Thanks!

  • RoscoeBonifitucci

    This is rather long…but tells the Truth! Thank God for Pope Urban II else we men would be screwing sheep, wiping our butts with our hands and women would be chattel in burka’s. Obama is an Idiot, the Enemy or a Liar…or in his case, a Lying Enemy Idiot.

  • David

    The problem with this analysis is that Islam as a religion had nothing to do with the start of the Arab conquest of the Mediterranean states in Europe and the cities of the Middle East. It was all a land grab in the midst of a power vacuum in Europe. The Byzantine hold on the Med states in the Middle East and North Africa was tenuous at best, and as acknowledged in the time-line, there were Byzantine/Arab partnerships to hold land held by Europeans. Furthermore, the conflicts did not (with one or two exceptions) attempt to convert the Jews and Christians in the conquered cities. It was all about regional control by one warlord or the other who happened to be adherents to Islam. The idea that this was jihad is but one interpretations of the facts, but not the most likely one. This was a period of violent upheaval everywhere. Europe was in the depths of the so-called Dark Ages, and government was by conquest. The most stable government was in Byzantium, but it was a remnant of the Roman Empire, and did not command nearly the authority that Rome had before the division into Eastern and Western Empires, and the fall of the Western Empire. Simply, Constantinople could not possibly have defended territory that stretched from the Balkan States to North Africa, and the local warlords exploited this weakness to retake territory that had been conquered by Rome centuries before. Other than the fact that the Arabs were adherents to Islam, these were not Holy Wars until declared so by Pope Urban.

    • Radegunda

      In other words, Christians had no moral right to defend themselves against Islamic conquest or to protect Christian pilgrims to holy places because Arab & Muslim warriors didn’t call what they were doing “jihad”? So it’s all a matter of “first one to say this is holy war loses the moral high ground”?

      What you’re overlooking is that this chronology is intended to point out the dishonesty and/or ignorance of Obama and his ilk when they imply that the Crusades were unprovoked attacks by Christians on poor, defenseless Muslims who had just been minding their own business — and that Christians must keep apologizing to Muslims because of it, and that the Crusades cancel out any grounds for criticism of the violent way that Islam has been imposed upon large stretches of the globe and the violent way that Muslims continue to impose Islamic domination on others.

      It isn’t critically important whether Islamic doctrine was what originally motivated those conquests, or a religious justification was adopted at some later point. Since Islamic doctrine describes conquest and plunder and slave-taking from “infidels” as a matter of religious right, it rather misses the point to say that Arabs et al. were simply grabbing land and it had nothing to do with religion. In Islamic doctrine, everything has to do with religion.

      The fact is that Muslim conquerors did assert that Muslims had a right to rule over non-Muslims, and they did impose oppressive laws on non-Muslim subjects, and they did kill many for refusing to convert. Muslim historians have written boastfully about brutal Muslim conquests, and Muslim theologians have written in favor of warfare to impose Islamic dominance on others.

      Many Muslims today look with pride upon all the conquests that spread Islam over much of the earth, and they consider it a duty to continue imposing Islam forcibly on the world.

      It’s true that there was a lot of division and conflict among both Muslims and Christians leading up to the Crusades, and there were mixed motives on both sides, but it is grossly false to claim that the Crusades were simply Christian aggression, or that they balance out the many centuries of aggression by Muslims — aggression that continues to this day and is justified and celebrated on religious grounds.

      • Radegunda

        Furthermore, Christians had no concept of “holy war” (with minor exceptions among a few Germanic chieftains) until they were faced with Muslim warriors who rapidly conquered large stretches of the known world and ravaged Christian monasteries and the holiest sites of Christendom. Christianity was emphatically pacifistic at its origins and spread only by voluntary conversion in the first few centuries.

        By contrast, the central texts of Islam tell us that the religion’s founder led military campaigns to force others to submit to his rule. Islamic histories tell us that Muhammad’s immediate successors zealously continued the pattern of conquest in the name of the new religion. Whether they had worldly motives — megalomania and a love of violence and plunder — is immaterial, considering that 1) those motives fit handily within orthodox Islamic doctrine; and 2) the result was to sweep a large part of the earth into “the Islamic world,” and Muslims today believe they have a religious right and duty to retake the small parts of it that reverted to non-Muslim control (Spain, Israel; they already got Lebanon).

        • David

          Moral high ground has nothing to do with it. Whatever the justification, the European Crusaders and the Arabic forces in the Middle East committed atrocities against each other, against the occupants of the disputed territory, against their allies (particularly the European sack of Constantinople). But what I contesting is that the Arabic forces were engaged in jihad in its sense of a “holy war.” One needs to consider the entire history of Europe and the Middle East at the time. It was not even really a conquest, by and large, because there was no in place government except, as I said, the over-extended rule from Constantinople. Again, filling a power vacuum. When it was clear that the Byzantine Empire could not defend its territory, the Emperor appealed to the Pope (who up to this point they had not had much time for) and the rulers of the Frankish and German states, and later England, rode to the rescue. There is a real question as to who the aggressor was at that point, since the territory in question had been changing hands for four hundred years.

          As to the President’s comments, again the criticism ignores the context. He was addressing religious leaders, who should be able to parse the nuance that no one’s hands are ever clean, and that religion is a convenient justification for wars of conquest and the attendant brutality. I do not see this as drawing a moral equivalency between the current acts of ISIL and the crusades, or the inquisition (which, by the way, was not even a Catholic Church institution in Spain and Portugal beyond the 15th century – a perfect example of a State using religion to carry out a secular agenda), or slavery. The fact is that States often justify their actions by claiming moral high ground on the basis of its majority religion, when the truth is that it is nothing of the kind.

          • Radegunda

            Your argument about the “holiest places …. of Islam” ignores the fact that Jerusalem is never mentioned in the Koran. The holiest places of Islam are Mecca and Medina. The Islamic interest in Jerusalem is merely a consequence of Jerusalem’s being the holiest place of religions that Muslims have always intended to wipe out. Remember what happened to those hundreds of Jews who refused to abandon their own religion and “submit” to Mohammed?

            Are you aware that the founder of Islam was — or is portrayed as — a warrior who went around violently forcing people to acknowledge him as the final “prophet,” and personally participated in beheading hundreds of men, and took sex slaves? Are you aware that Muslims today regard that warrior as the finest example of humankind? Are you aware that his immediate successors acted in similar ways, and that Islamic histories boast about all their conquests?

            Are you aware that the founder of Christianity was a radically different figure, and that his followers for centuries were pacifists who converted people by persuasion, and that Christian theologians — unlike Muslims — were very reluctant to approve of participation in warfare?

            Are you aware that orthodox Islamic doctrine commands conquest to compel “submission” — whereas orthodox Christian doctrine does not?

            Are you aware that orthodox Islamic doctrine even today approves of taking slaves, whereas Christians were the main leaders of the abolitionist movement, and they cited scriptural teaching that all are equal in God’s sight? (Islam does not view all as equal in Allah’s sight.)

            The crucial point is not that Christianity might have been “used” by governments to “carry out a secular agenda”; the point is that Islam at its heart is incomparably more approving of violence than Christianity is. That’s why conquest to impose religious dominance is a much more consistent part of Islamic history than is the case with Christianity, and why today there are Muslims killing their neighbors just because they can’t stand the thought of living next to non-Muslims.

            The Charlie Hebdo slaughterers were not “using” religion as a “convenient justification” for brutality. Their brutality was MOTIVATED by the Islamic command that death is the appropriate penalty for “blasphemy.”

            Have you never seen those signs that Muslims in Britain carry around saying “Behead Those Who Insult Islam?” They are not “using” religion to justify a desire to behead people; on the contrary, they are following the doctrines of their religion.

            Islamic suicide bombers are not “using” religion as a “convenient justification” for some secular purpose (e.g. the desire to go out in spectacular fashion); they are MOTIVATED by the Islamic teaching that becoming a “martyr” in the peculiar Islamic sense — dying in the act of attacking innocent “infidels” — is the surest way to paradise.

            There is a vast difference between using religion as a “convenient justification” for brutality, and following explicit religious commands to wage war until the whole world “feels itself subdued.” Anyone who does not acknowledge that different is not well qualified to comment on violence “justified” by religion.

            obama absolutely was trying to draw a moral equivalence between ISIS and the Crusades etc. Why else would he have gone back centuries to find something to shame Christians with, when so many people are suffering from the barbarism of the Islamic State right now? You apparently haven’t noticed the fact that obama has a habit of defending Islam (from the horrible reputation it has justly earned) and slighting or even maligning Christianity.

            And how about listing some of the many times when the United States justifies some horrible action on the basis of Christianity . . .

          • David

            Your statement that Jerusalem is not mentioned in the Q’uran is not correct. In addition, it is mentioned in the Haddith, and in prayer. The following was found with a simple search.

            The al-Aqsa masjid in Jerusalem is built on the site of the second temple. Al-Aqsa is the third holiest site in Sunni Islam after the mosques of al-Haram in Mecca and al-Nabawi in Medina.

            It is strongly associated with the Biblical prophets David, Solomon, Elijah and Jesus.

            It was the first direction of prayer in Islam, before the Kaaba in Mecca;

            According to the Quran, the Islamic prophet Muhammad was taken by the miraculous steed Buraq to visit the Farthest Mosque (which many Muslims believe is the Al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem), where he prayed, and was then taken to heaven, in a single night in the year 620 This event is known as Isra wal Mi’raj, in Islamic tradition.

            Muhammad’s journey to the Farthest Mosque is mentioned in the Qur’an, in the verse (17:1).The verse states:

            “Glory be to Him Who made His servant to go on a night from the Sacred Mosque to the remote mosque of which We have blessed the precincts, so that We may show to him some of Our signs; surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing.”

            — Qur’an, Sura 17 (Al-Is’ra), ayat 1

            It is then specified in the Hadith, the sayings of Muhammad, that the Al Aqsa Mosque is indeed located in Jerusalem:

            “That he heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “When the people of Quraish did not believe me (i.e. the story of my Night Journey), I stood up in Al-Hijr and Allah displayed Jerusalem in front of me, and I began describing it to them while I was looking at it.”

            — Sahih Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 58, Number 226.

            Islamic tafsirs (commentaries) hold the term “the farthest Mosque” (literally al-masjid al-Aqsa in Arabic) referring to the Noble Sanctuary in Jerusalem.

          • David

            “And how about listing some of the many times when the United States justifies some horrible action on the basis of Christianity.”

            “Almighty God created the races white, black, yellow, malay and red, and he placed them on separate continents. And but for the interference with his arrangement there would be no cause for such marriages. The fact that he separated the races shows that he did not intend for the races to mix.”

            — Judge Leon M. Bazile, January 6, 1959

          • Radegunda

            Wen was the last time Christians marched around city streets with signs saying “Behead Those Who Insult Christ” — or anything comparable?

  • Edward Delahoussaye

    Thank you so much Pamela,that dumbass in the whitehouse has an agenda he Hates Christians an Jews,he puts Islam number one,the King of Jordan is showing his sorry ass up bye his actions like bombing ISIS positions,less than two years left in Obama in the whitehouse,what a big mistake these last 6yrs nothing good has come from Obama.

  • rodulfo-tardo

    OBAMA’S A MENTALLY UNSTABLE RENTED MULE ENFORCER FOR THE MOSLEM BROTHERHOOD A STORM TROOPER FOR THE KORANIC MEIN KAMPF THE SOCIETY OF MOSLEM BROTHERS WAS AND IS THE ARAB NAZI PARTY WHOSE FUNDING CAME FROM THE N.S.D.A.P., IN THE EARLY DAYS THROUGH THE “ASIAN WARRIORS” OTTOMAN VETERANS FROM TURKEY, ITS FIRST JIHAD AGAINST THE ARMENIANS JEWS AND CHRISTIANS, HINDUS, SIKHS AND ALL OTHER NORMATIVE RELIGIONS SPECIFICALLY THOSE WHO PREDATED MOHAMMEDAN ISLAM, HE IS A TALIBANI MUHAJADID WHOSE ONLY INTEREST IS TO ESTABLISH A CARNIVAL OF RELIGIOUS TYRANNY, RAPE, SODOMY AND GENOCIDE E.G. AS IF ONE IS NEEDED THE MIDDLE EAST, AFRICA AND ITS MAGHREB. AS OF NOW IT IS OBVIOUS HIS PERSONAL INVOLVEMENT IN GENOCIDE IS UNARGUABLE AND A WAR CRIME NOT TO MENTION INHUMANE CRIMINAL AND UNFORGIVABLE IT WAS FOR HITLER WHY NOT THESE HUMAN REPROBATES?

    • peterliberal

      your caps lock is on bro

      • Flower

        Retardo doesn’t understand that NOBODY reads a post that is all caps. Several have tried to tell him/her/it.

        • peterliberal

          nice;)

  • Fritz Kohlhaas

    Obama is an un-educated moron! Send him back to school!

  • Neil Hallett

    The history of the world has always been about strength taking advantage of weakness. It is wrong to assume that this is only an Islamic trait. The Romans slaughtered and enslaved their way to a vast empire. The Mongols overran most of Asia and Eastern Europe. Islam conquered for a time and then faded. The Christian forces of Europe butchered their way around the globe. Indigenous populations were overwhelmed and destroyed. The genocide and enslavement of many peoples of North and South America, Africa, and Asia is directly attributable to the expansionism of “western” Christian nations. So to cite this period of Islamic expansionism as being indicative of the threat to humanity in the 21st Century is naive and and, quite frankly, pure scaremongering. The Islamic world is today under direct attack by the same western christian nations. Recent engineered conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Sudan, Yemen and Syria illustrate this point. There is no future in war yet the commentators on this thread are all calling for more bloodshed, more conquest, more oppression. Hardly Christian sentiments and certainly nothing in the teachings of Jesus Christ to support them. And all should remember this. There, but for the grace of God, go you.

    • peterliberal

      Seriously ‘Islamic expansionism as being indicative of the threat to humanity in the 21st Century is naive and, quite frankly pure scaremongering’ is total ignorance the Islamic threat to our lifestyles and freedoms and an unfounded ignorant of the facts conclusion

      • Flower

        I’d like to think you were right, Pete, but we’re seeing a lot of pockets of Sharia inside western countries … with more and more freedoms lost because of it. Even here in the U.S., there have been over 150 cases where state and federal judges have ruled on the side of Sharia!

        • David

          “Even here in the U.S., there have been over 150 cases where state and federal judges have ruled on the side of Sharia!”

          If you look at what that is about, it is largely a function of affirming actions of religious tribunals about property rights and marriage. That respect for religious tribunals is not unique to Sharia “courts.” Look at the respect given by the US Supreme Court to the religious tribunals of the Lutheran Church (Missouri Synod) a few years ago which divested a woman’s right to file a discrimination claim because a tenet of that sect is that it should be brought in a religious tribunal.

    • Radegunda

      Have you ever done a comparison of the central texts and doctrines of Christianity v. Islam? You seem to know something about “the teachings of Jesus Christ,” but do you know anything about the radically different teachings and example of Muhammad? Do you know that orthodox Islam puts the highest religious value on slaughtering “infidels” for the sake of making them submit to Islamic domination? Or that orthodox Islam prescribes the death penalty for apostasy and blasphemy (whether you’re Muslim or not)?

      You seem to have no understanding of the fact that Islam and Christianity are fundamentally different at their core — and that Islamic teaching is vastly more approving of violence than Christianity is.

      That “period of Islamic expansion” didn’t end when the Crusades began; far from it. Muslims kept attacking Europe until they were finally beaten back at Vienna in 1683; but they kept taking slaves and attacking merchant vessels after that. The early leaders of the United States had to deal with the Barbary pirates, who told them forthrightly that their RELIGION gave them a right to attack “infidels” and take their belongings — just as their “prophet” had done. The French colonized Algeria because of the Muslim pirate attacks on their ships.

      The period of European imperialism was relatively short in comparison with the long stretch of Islamic conquest. When Europeans cast off their colonial possessions, Muslims again became aggressively expansionist. In many parts of the world, Muslims are attacking people just because those people are not Muslim.

      You may believe there is “no future in war,” but a lot of Muslims believe there’s not only a future in violence but also a divine command. There’s a big difference between calling for bloodshed (where do you see
      that, by the way?), and recognizing that some people are willing to
      kill you because you say something unflattering about their “prophet,”
      or just to force you under their own religious domination.

      And given your observation that “the history of the world has always been about strength taking advantage of weakness,” do you really think that Muslims will give up their stated aim of global conquest just because you think “there’s no future in war”?

  • peterliberal

    Obama is a muslim he is pushing the muslim lie and view of the crusdaes

  • Rafasa Arandas

    Whether the Muslim conquests were justified or not, to be fair, it was European powers (though not Christian ones) that conquered the Levant in the first place. That being said, I am curious – what do most Jews here think about what this article states?

  • Jaem

    Great article that has detail that can be used for referenced when battling the made up history that students are hearing from those who prefer misinformation to facts. We need to start bringing the truth into the world.

  • Henry Hawk

    The error is Obama. As a Muslim Obama views everything from a Muslim viewpoint and plays the victim. It’s everybody else’s fault. Muslims are a disease on humanity

  • Jin Nib

    Editing note on year 0961: “… and has captured Christians decapitated if they refuse to convert to Christianity.”
    Presumably you intended to write “refuse to convert to Islam.”

    There was another error I noticed, but I forgot where, sorry.

  • bw87

    You cleverly leave out things like the Spanish Inquisition, Christians subjugating people in the name of God, and the fact that Obama is ordering attacks on ISIS. Get over yourself.

  • HOMERBEAR911

    Obminanation..shall return to his maker
    …SATAN…In HELL#

  • e1313ruth

    The crusades actually stopped the world wide jihad that began with mohammed…..It began again when their mahdi became president…

  • Barasheit

    The responses to this are just sickining. I am no fan of Obama, but I have no fan of those who claim to be Jesus followers ( a claim is just a claim, a real follower is based on his teachings. All of them). The Crusades consisted of the actions and motives of 100 million people. A few in power using the cross of Rome ( Yes, Rome – it is a torture device ) to lead massive poor into their own deaths with the hope that if one dies they will earn a place in the after life. Those in power also forbidded the common man from reading the texts they stole from Jerusalem, so there is that aspect of it. Only a few knew the truth. There is no excuse or defense of such actions if one were to actually claim they were followers of Jesus. The opposite is actually true. He said his kingdom was not of this earth. He also said that whoever did and taught the laws if Moses would be the greatest in that kingdom. Moses taught that the tribes of Israel would be regathered, they would live in peace and that G-d himself would protect them. Crusaders slaughtered the Jews along with the Muslims. So what of those that did not know the truth? They will be judged by their own greed and cruelty. One knows after getting a cut or burn it hurts.

    I see no difference between Islam and ancient Christianity. Obama was wrong only on the point of the current setting of today, though it is apparent there are Crusaders-in-heart still left today. You who are, are just as bad.

  • Eli Cvetic

    Proud to say, my ancestors on my Mother’s side fought in the Crusades under the English flag.

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